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Transportation in Beijing


There are 12 airports in Beijing, including one specialized airport, one semi-military airport, four military airports, four civil airports, and two large-scale international airports.

1.Beijing Daxing International Airport

Beijing Daxing International Airport (IATA PKX; ICAO: ZBAD) is a large-scale civil airport built between the Daxing district of Beijing and the Guangyang District of Langfang, Hebei. The airport was built to share the passenger pressure of Beijing Capital International Airport. It’s estimated that the new airport will have a hundred million passenger throughput per year.

Daxing International Airport

How to get to Beijing downtown from Daxing Airport?

Daxing airport is about 46km from Beijing city. If you happen to arrive in Beijing or depart Beijing at Daxing airport, here are five options of transportation you can choose


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2.Beijing Capital International Airport

Located in the Shunyi District of Beijing, Beijing Capital International Airport (ICAO: ZBAA; IATA: PEK) is the busiest international airport in China. It’s also an important window for China to get in contact with other countries.

Beijing Capital International Airport

3.Beijing Nanyuan Airport

Located in the Fengtai District of Beijing, Beijing Nanyuan Airport (IATA: NAY, ICAO: ZBNY) was built in 1910, and it is the first airport in China. The airport was a semi-military airport and used to open exclusively to China United Airlines and China Eastern Airlines. With the completion of Daxing International Airport put into operation on Sep. 25, 2019, the Nanyuan Airport was closed the very same day.

Nanyuan Airport

4.Beijing Xijiao Airport

Beijing Xijiao Airport is a dedicated airport for the Air Force of the Chinese People's Liberation Army. Located south of the Summer Palace, the airport is the oldest airport besides the Nanyuan airport. It belongs to the 34th Division of the Chinese Air Force and specializes in transferring the leaders of the Chinese government to and from Beijing. Sometimes, it's also used for other military purposes.

Xijiao Airport

Other Military Airports: Shahe Airport, Tongxian Airport, Liangxiang Airport, and Yanqing Yongning Airport.
Civil Airports: Changping Shisanling Airport, Yanqing Badaling Airport, Miyun Mujiayu Airport and Pinggu Heidouyu Rongdong Airport.

Train Stations

There are about 109 train stations in Beijing, including 4 Principal Stations, 5 First-class Stations, 10 Second-class Stations, 10 Third-class Stations, 72 Fourth-class Stations, and 8 Fifth-class Stations.

Principle Stations:

1.Beijing Railway Station

Situated at No.13 of Maojiawan Hutong, Dongcheng District, Beijing Railway Station was first built in 1901 and completed in 1903. It has several names like Qianmen Railway Station, Beijing Railway Station, Beiping Railway Station, Beiping East Railway Station, and Xingcheng Railway Station. On Sep.30, 1949, the train station was finally renamed Beijing Railway Station. With the building of the Beijing West Railway Station, the Beijing Railway Station became more exclusive to rails from Beijing to northeast China and East China areas.

2.Beijing West Railway Station

Located near the Lianhuachi East Road, Beijing West Railway Station is one of the four major railway stations in Beijing. It opened and operated on Jan.21, 1996, and greatly relieved the passenger transport pressure of Beijing Railway Station. Nowadays, Beijing West Railway Station was one of the major railway stations that can connect Beijing most of the areas in China.

Beijing West Railway Station

3.Fengtai West Railway Station

Located nearby the Lugou Bridge in Fengtai District, Beijing, Fengtai West Railway Station was the first marshaling station in China. It's mainly a freight railway that transports goods, especially coal.

4.Beijing South Railway Station

Situated in Fengtai District, Beijing South Railway Station is the second-largest train station in Beijing and also the train station with the largest number of trains. It was first built in 1897 and renovated in 2006, and reopened in 2008. There are altogether 24 station tracks and 13 platforms.

Beijing South Railway Station

First-class Railway Stations

5.Beijing North Railway Station

Beijing North Railway Station, previously called Xizhimen Train Station, is located in Xicheng District. It was constructed in 1905 and is about 836km from the Tongliao Train Station and 809km from the Baotou Train Station. It’s also a passing-by train station on the Beijing-Zhangjiakou railway, which is the first railway that was both designed and built by China.

6.Beijing East Railway Station

Located at No.7, Baiziwan Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing Eastern Railway Station was a dedicated cargo train built in 1938. It mainly undertakes the cargo transfer business from and to Beijing, and also serves as a transitional freight train for Beijing Railway Station, Beijing West Railway Station, and the Beijing North Railway Station. Inside the Beijing East Railway Station, there is also a customs supervision warehouse. Since February 2015, the train station resumed the old business of passenger transportation.

Beijing East Railway Station

7.Fengtai Railway Station

Situated in Fengtai District, the Fengtai Railway Station was first built in 1895 and open for business the next year. It's the oldest train station in Beijing. Besides being the starting point of the Beijing - Guangdong, and Fengtai- Shacheng railways, the Fengtai Railway Station also served as an important hub for many railway lines. In July 2010, the Fengtai Railway Station was closed for reconstruction and expansion. After the construction, Fengtai Railway Station will become a modern train station that serves both the regular trains and the high-speed trains. Besides, the supporting metro line 10 and line 16 are under construction. It's scheduled that metro line 16 will be available in 2021.

8.Shuangqiao Railway Station

Shuangqiao Railway Station is located in the Dongliuxili, Shuangqiao Road, Chaoyang District. It's a cargo train station on the Beijing-Harbin and Beijing - Qinhuangdao railways, and also the starting points for the Shuangqiao-Shahe railway and the Fengtai-Shuangqiao railway.

9.Guang’anmen Railway Station

Located in Guang'anmenwai Street, Guang'anmen Railway Station is a train station on the Beijing - Jiulong railway. It used to be a freight train station. On Oct.25, 2009, the train station was closed, and the equipment began to be dismantled.

Other train stations:

Second-class Train Stations: Sanmendian Train Station, Tongzhou West Train Station, Nankou Train Station, Yanqing Train Station, Huangcun Train Station, Dahongmen Train Station, Huarou North Train Station, Shijingshan South Train Station, Yanshan Train Station, and Chawu Train Station.

Third-class Train Stations: Miaocheng Train Station, Huarou Train Station, Miyun Train Station, Changping Train Station, Changping North Train Station, Shitanglu Train Station, Shahe Train Station, Qinghe Train Station, Qinghuayuan Train Station, and Shilou Train Station.

Fourth-class Train Stations:
Chaoyang District: Xinghuo Train Station and Wangjing Train Station.
Haidian District: Houzhangcun Train Station, Niegezhuang Train Station, Zhaikou Train Station, Wulu Train Station, and Xihuangcun Train Station.
Fengtai District: Huangtupo Train Station, Dahuichang Train Station, Shangwan Train Station, Xidaokou Train Station, Changxindian Train Station, Liangxiang Train Station, Doudian Train Station, Liulihe Train Station.
Shijingshan District: Shisangongli Train Station, Shijingshan Train Station.
Tongxian County: Zhangxin Train Station.
Daxing District: Weishanzhuang Train Station, Xizaolin Train Station.
Fangshan District: Nanguancun Train Station, Lianggezhuang Train Station, Gushankou Train Station, Yunjusi Train Station, Sanhezhuang Train Station, Shidu Train Station, Pingyu Train Station.
Mentougou: Junzhuang Train Station, Xiehejian Train Station, Luoguling Train Station, Yanchi Train Station, Zhuwo Train Station, Hanhecheng Train Station, Youzhou Train Station, Jiuzhuangwo Train Station, Mentougou Train Station, Dingjiatan Train Station, Seshufen Train Station, Wangpingcun Train Station, Datai Train Station, Muchengjian Train Station.
Changping District: Huangtudian Train Station, Guangao Train Station, Xingshou Train Station, Dongyuan Train Station, Juyongguan Train Station, Qinglongqiao Train Station, Sanbao Train Station.
Yanqing: Badaling Train Station, Xibozi Train Station, Kangzhuang Train Station, Donghuayuan Train Station, Tielucun Train Station, Xiazhuang Train Station, Guanting Train Station.
Huairou District: Tongjunzhuang Train Station, Xiaotangzhuang Train Station, Pingyifen Train Station, Beizhai Train Station, Fangezhuang Train Station, Xiaoshanyu Train Station, Heishansi Train Station.
Shunyi District: Niulanshan Train Station, Gaogezhuang Train Station, Shunyi Train Station.
Miyun District: Yanluo Train Station, Bingmaying Train Station, Xiahe Train Station, Gubeikou Train Station.
Pinggu District: Mulin Train Station, Pinggu Train Station, and Dashizhuang Train Station.

Fifth-class Train Stations: Majiabao Train Station, Liucun Train Station, Shangxisi Train Station, Qinglongqiao East Train Station, Qinglongqiao West Train Station, Guishuihe Train Station, Yangmachang Train Station, and Yangsan Train Station.

Beijing Subways

Beijing Subway

Metro Line 1: a west-east metro line mostly located under the Chang’an Street, passing by Xidan, Wangfujing, Dongdan, CBD, and other areas.

Metro Line 2: the first underground loop line in Beijing connecting Financial Street, Xizhimen, Beijing Railway Station, and more.

Metro Line 4: a north-south metro line in western Beijing, passing by Summer Palace, Old Summer Palace, Beijing Zoo, Zhongguancun, Xidan, Beijing South Railway Station and others.

Metro Line 5: a north-south metro line in eastern Beijing, connecting downtown Beijing and living communities like Tiantongyuan, Beiyuan, Songjiazhuang and more.

Metro Line 6: a west-east metro line in downtown Beijing, connecting the Yunhe Business Region of Tongzhou Xincheng, Changying, Dingfuzhuang, CBD, Financial Street, and inner city commercial centers and sights.

Metro Line 7: a west-east metro line in Beijing center, starting from Beijing West Railway Station and ending at Fatou Bianyuan Group.

Metro Line 8: a north-south metro line mostly located on the central axis of Beijing city. It’s divided into northern section and southern section. The northern section connects Changping Xincheng, Qinghe area, Huilongguan area, South Gate of Forest Park and Olympic Park. While the southern section connects Nanyuan area and Yinghai.

Metro Line 9: a north-south metro line that connects west Beijing and southwest Beijing.

Metrol Line 10: the second loop metro line, connecting Gongzhufen, Shijicheng Neighborhood, Zhongguancun, Olympic Park, CBD, Dahongmen, etc.

Metro Line 13: a upside U-shaped metro line that connects big living communities like Huilongguan, Tiantongyuan, Beiyuan, Wangjing and more.

Metro Line 14: a upside “L”-shaped metro line that connects south and east Beijing. For now, only the west section connecting Yongding River and Beijing International Garden Expo, and the eastern section connecting Chaoyang, Dongcheng, and Fengtai Districts were accessible.

Metro Line 15: a west-east metro line located in northern Beijing, mainly connecting Xuyuan Road, Olympic Park, Wangjing and Shunyi Xincheng.

Metro Line 16: a north-south metro line in western Beijing. The sections available now connect the downtown Beijing and Haidianshan areas.

Metro Batong Line: the extended line of metro Line 1, connecting downtown Beijing and Tongzhou District.

Metro Daxing Line: the extended line of metro Line 4.

Metro Yizhuang Line: the extended line of metro Line 5 towards southern Beijing.

Metro Fangshan Line: connecting downtown Beijing and Liangxiang of Fangshan district.

Metro Yanfang Line: the first automatic metro line independently researched and developed by China.

Metro S1 Line: connecting urban areas of Beijing and Yongding of Mentougou area.

Metro Changping Line: connecting urban Beijing and northern Changping Xincheng.

Metro Xijiao Line: connecting downtown Beijing and Xiangshan.

Capital Airport Rail: the dedicated line connecting downtown Beijing and Beijing Capital International Airport.

Daxing Airport Rail: the dedicated line connecting downtown Beijing and Beijing Daxing International Airport.

Beijing Bus System

The bus system in Beijing is very developed. There are bus lines everywhere, covering both the urban areas and suburbs. There are regular buses, night buses, trams, and express buses. Bear in mind that the double-decker bus is just a kind of regular bus, not a special sightseeing bus. There are three special sightseeing bus lines in Beijing.

Tips: generally speaking, the inner-city buses are numbered below 200. The night buses are numbered from 201 to 299. The outer city buses are numbered over 300, and the suburban buses are above 900, which are often green buses.

Beijing Bus

Ticket Price

The fare of the Beijing bus is priced based on the length of your journey, starting from 2 RMB. If you use a municipal bus card, you will get a 50% discount. You will have to swipe your card on the special device twice, once when you get on the bus and once when you get off. In case you forget to swipe your card when you get off the bus, the fare will be deducted from your card the next time you use the card (no matter whether you take the same bus as previous), and the price will be calculated according to the highest ticket fee of the bus you forgot to pay the last time.

As an inland city, Beijing doesn’t have any port. The nearest port to Beijing is the Tianjin Port, which is about 170km from Beijing. If you happen to arrive in Tianjin port, we can still help you to get to Beijing.

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